Arab Human Development Reports (AHDR) paints a dramatic picture of the lack of development in the application of democracy and civil society participation in the Arab world. In most Arab countries freedom of expression, and of the press are abridged by restrictive laws, and social and political taboos. Access to information for both media representatives and citizens is often restricted.

Developing a Knowledgeable Society

 Mass media plays an essential role in reporting news and delivering information. There are many obstacles to the development of free and independent media in the region, they are discussed in detail in the Arab Human Development Reports. The three major weaknesses of the Arab media are access, content, reception. Development of mass media is hindered by political restrictions. There is also an acute deficit of freedom and good governance. Most Arab countries lack an independent democratic judiciary. Civil society organizations and media outlets continue to suffer from such restrictions.

 Professional Solution

 Press and media can build bridges of communication in societies. Compared to other regions, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) enjoy the least freedom of the press. Professionalism is an effective weapon against censorship and restrictions. An increased level of legal awareness and knowledge of the international standards on human rights can play a major role in enhancing level of professionalism in the region. Political complications and lack of freedom of expression can be fought effectively through such awareness.