TUNISIA: Facebook blocked



PARIS, August 28, 2008 (RSF/IFEX) – Access to the social networking website Facebook has been blocked without explanation since 24 August 2008 in Tunisia, in a move that reinforces government censorship of
the Internet, Reporters Without Borders said.

"The video-sharing websites YouTube and Dailymotion were already blocked, so Tunisian censorship now affects three very popular sites that are not intended to have a political impact," Reporters Without Borders said.

"The authorities want to control online sharing so that dissidents cannot express themselves. It is sad to see the Internet space being shrunk in this way."

ISPs reported that users were already having problems accessing the Facebook website before it was totally blocked on 24 August. Clients of PlaNet, for example, had not been able get to that address since 18 August.
The site can nonetheless still be accessed by going to alternative addresses, www.new.facebook.com or www.www.facebook.com.

According to a study by the Tunisian marketing company Buzz2com, Facebook had 28,313 Tunisian users on 14 August. Some dissidents, such as Mohammed Abbou, had recently created personal pages on Facebook, launching debates about Tunisian society.

"This is an important phenomenon," Internet users told Reporters Without Borders. "Many blogs had been closed down but bloggers have been able to debate by creating personal pages on Facebook." There are six groups on the site, involving just over 5,000 Internet users, where Facebook's closure in Tunisia is being discussed.

Dailymotion has been blocked in Tunisia since 3 September 2007. The blocking of YouTube came on 2 November. It is still accessible via other addresses such as http://www.fr.youtube.com and http://www.it.youtube.com and via the IP address http://208.65.153.253. When Dailymotion was blocked, it was supposedly because it was a pornographic site.

Email messages are also being filtered. Tests carried out in Tunisia show that some email message arrive empty and disappear from the inbox after being opened. It is impossible to add attachments to email messages in Yahoo! mail ( http://www.yahoo.com ) because this facility is turned off. There is a greater chance of being able to read a message with sensitive content in Gmail ( http://www.gmail.com ) but it is often impossible to send a reply.

This form of filtering, known as deep packet inspection (DPI), is widely used in China to filter pornographic sites and those dealing with sensitive issues such as Tibet, the Falun Gong spiritual movement or the June 1989 massacre.

TOR, a programme that enables the user to remain anonymous while on the Internet and to circumvent online censorship, cannot be downloaded in Tunisia.

"This filtering helps to create a state of generalised surveillance as it affects all Internet users and not just dissidents," Reporters Without Borders added.

"The authorities meanwhile try to pass off the censorship as a technical problem."

Tunisia represses online free expression more than any other Maghreb country and is on the Reporters Without Borders list of Internet enemies.

For further information on the Dailymotion case, see: http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/82430

For further information on the Abbou case, see: http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/87578

For further information contact Clothilde Le Coz, Internet Freedom desk, RSF, 47, rue Vivienne, 75002 Paris, France, tel: +33 1 44 83 84 71, fax: +33 1 45 23 11 51, e-mail: internet@rsf.org, Internet:
http://www.internet.rsf.org

The information contained in this alert is the sole responsibility of RSF. In citing this material for broadcast or publication, please credit RSF.
_________________________________________________________________
DISTRIBUTED BY THE INTERNATIONAL FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
EXCHANGE (IFEX) CLEARING HOUSE
555 Richmond St. West, # 1101, PO Box 407
Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5V 3B1
tel: +1 416 515 9622    fax: +1 416 515 7879
alerts e-mail: alerts@ifex.org    general e-mail: ifex@ifex.org
Internet site: http://www.ifex.org/
_________________________________________________________________